A Book Brief

mickyates Books, Cambodia, Coursework, Critical Research Journal, ICWeek1, Ideas, Informing Contexts, Photography, Unfinished Stories Leave a Comment

In 2019, I plan to publish a book in Cambodia, about Sarath and family’s ‘Unfinished Stories’. Printing capability is competent but not sophisticated in the country, and there is a limited range of quality papers. To date, the local industry has also focused on paperbacks, as, for reasons unknown, hard back binding, whilst available, is not of a high quality.

Still, inspired by Lukas Birk’s approach, I feel printing locally is the best way to start to reach my audiences, whilst keeping costs down and doing justice to Sarath. I have already met possible printers, and the largest bookstore group in Cambodia. Monument Books can offer distribution agreements against sales targets.

There are essentially 4 types of books published in areas similar to mine:

First, travel and history books, all illustrated, targeting tourists, and in English. These are often but not always written by non-Cambodians, and usually, but not always, printed outside the country. Jim Mizerski’s books are a notable exception – good quality ‘art’ books printed exclusively in Cambodia.

Second, serious history books, almost all text, and almost exclusively written by European, Australian or US academics, also in English. These are invariably printed somewhere else in Asia.

Third, personal stories of Khmer Rouge times – ranging from Loung Ung’s bestseller ‘First they Killed My Father’ (which became a movie, directed by Angelina Jolie), to generally small books by Cambodians who, for example, escaped Tuol Sleng, such as Chum Mey. These may or may not be printed locally.

Fourth, books in Khmer, intended to cover a range of similar subjects, but solely targeted to a local audience.

On my next visit, I will follow up to start to nail down a timeline. The goal is to publish ‘in high season’, November 2019, to market the book most effectively. Our youngest daughter, Victoria, has book design experience, and we will be working together on the project.

I have noted elsewhere that I am particularly inspired by books from Moises Saman and Judy Glickman Lauder. Beyond the obvious book and paper quality, these points:

Saman combines black and white and colour in the same book, with great success. He also punctuates the work with personal stories of people he met during his coverage of the Arab Spring. And, at the end of the book, he has a visual appendix covering the details of every image in the book.

Glickman Lauder’s book is all in black and white. She combines different image types, some almost abstract using infrared, to tell the story of the Danish Exception during the Holocaust. The second half of the book carries formal portraits of people involved in the story and accompanying text.

For Surfaces and Strategies, I produced a book dummy which combined negative images in black and white on semi-transparent paper, interleaved with regular colour images. Whilst  design needs some serious attention, the concept is a very interesting one. Sadly, whilst I will explore this, the capability of printing this is Cambodia is a major challenge.

Book dummy for Surfaces & Strategies

Whilst I am prepared to self-publish, I will also explore possible funding, including crowd-funding.

So, what are the key elements of the brief?

Working Title:

Unfinished Stories of Cambodia

Audience:

English-speaking, with emphasis on catching the interest of serious tourists who want to know more about Cambodia and its people.

Content:

  • Forward
  • A short history of the Khmer Rouge years
  • Personal Stories from Sarath and family
  • The schools program, which defines Sarath’s career and also our personal connection
  • Illustrated throughout with my photography – both negatives and colour
  • A visual appendix
  • Index and short bibliography

Cost:

Target retail price around $16.

Physical dimensions;

A book of 17.5cm by 25cm, with approximately 100 pages

  • Forward/Intro – 6 pages
  • History – 6 pages
  • Stories – 70 pages illustrated
  • Education – 10 pages illustrated
  • Visual appendix – 6 pages
  • Bibliography / contents – 6 pages

Timing:

  • Explore funding – ongoing
  • Explore distribution agreements – February 2019
  • Content finalised: July 2019
  • Book to printers: End July 2019
  • Publication: Late September / October 2019

…………………..

Birk, Lukas. 2018. One Year in Yangon 1978. Lukas Birk: Austria.

Chum, Mey. 2010. Survivor. Phnom Penh: Documentation Center of Cambodia.

Glickman Lauder, Judy. 2018. Beyond the Shadows: The Holocaust and the Danish Exception. New York: Aperture.

Mizerski, Jim. 2016. Cambodia Captured: Angkor’s First Photographers in 1860s Colonial Intrigues. Phnom Penh: Jasmin Image Machine.

Saman, Moises. 2016. Discordia. Treviso: Grafiche Antiga.

Ung, Loung. 2000. First they Killed my Father. New York: Harper Collins.

Infrared Photography

mickyates B&W, Cambodia, ContextualResearch, Critical Research Journal, ICWeek1, Informing Contexts, Infrared, Negatives, Photography, Plans & Notes Leave a Comment

As referenced in my last Oral Presentation, I want to develop my ‘negative traces’ work using different photographic techniques. For the Sustainable Prospects Work in Progress, I used digital images converted to black and white negatives. These were quite well received in the grading process. I have previously noted the possibilities of using infrared, and why. In short, it could provide images which challenge traditional perceptions, and engage the audience in different ways in decoding my work.

Amongst other work that I have researched, Judy Glickman Lauder’s mix of traditional black and white, negatives and infrared is inspirational.

Judy Glickman Lauder. Railway to Treblinka.

So, I have just requested a conversion of my Olympus OM-D system to infrared.

This graphic illustrates light spectrums, humorously and accurately.

From xkcd.com

The visible light spectrum is a fairly narrow band, with infrared at frequencies below visible light (higher wavelengths), and ultra violet at higher frequencies (lower wavelengths). Near infrared was discovered by William Herschel, in 1800.

Digital camera sensors can access some infrared frequencies, but have filters to deliver just the ‘real’ visible colours. It is possible to get lens filters to counterbalance this, but then exposure times are massively increased. I did some experiments with this approach last year.

A full conversion allows the sensor to access a much broader frequency range. There are several ways to do this. ‘Full Spectrum’ effectively allows the camera to access both the visible and infrared frequencies, creating false colour images. It is possible to convert to sensor to specific frequencies – 590nm, 680nm, 720nm, 850nm being the most common. Infrared Camera Conversions illustrates the pros and cons. I have opted for 720nm conversion, which can deliver ‘false colour’ images, but which can easily be post-processed to black and white, giving images quite similar to black and white film. This seems the most robust digital solution.

Robert Williams Wood. Published 1910. IR Landscape

Clive Haynes notes that:

‘The first photographs made by infrared radiation were made in the late 19th century with the first documented published infrared photograph in 1910 by Robert Williams Wood (1868-1955).  Wood was an American physicist and professor of optical physics. He had been fascinated by what he called “invisible rays” and was credited with the discovery of electromagnetic radiation beyond the visible spectrum. He developed photographic emulsions to capture this radiation and produced the first photographs of both infrared and ultraviolet radiation. The photographs exhibit the characteristic whitening of healthy foliage which became known as the “Wood Effect” and it remains one of the distinctive features of many infrared pictures.’

One of the most striking effects in infrared photography is what happens to foliage. The Chlorophyll in living cells does not absorb or reflect infrared light, so light bounces inside the cells, and can pass straight through. Essentially, this renders living greens as photographically transparent – hence rendering them white in black and white images.

Walter Clark. Published 1934. IR Face.

Walter Clark (1899–1991) published an article in 1934 in the Journal of the Biological Photographic Association, on ‘Infrared Photography’. This included an infrared photograph of a woman’s face, which is the first published picture of a person using that technique.

I am hoping to get the camera conversion back before my next Cambodia trip, mid February. Fingers crossed.

………………………

Clive Haynes. Undated. Infra Red Photography. http://www.crhfoto.co.uk/crh/digital%20infra-red/digital-ir.htm. (Accessed 17/01/2019)

Anonymous. Undated. Light Spectrum. Undated. Available at https://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/electromagnetic_spectrum.png. (Accessed 17/01/2019).

Anonymous. Undated. Pros and Cons of Infra Red Conversion. Undated. Available at https://www.infraredcameraconversions.co.uk/conversions/4593501215. (Accessed 17/01/2019)

Robert Williams Wood on Wikipedia. Undated. Available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_W._Wood. (Accessed 17/01/2019).

Glickman Lauder, Judy. 2018. Beyond the Shadows: The Holocaust and the Danish Exception. New York: Aperture.