Baudrillard and Simulacrum

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Jean Baudrillard (1929-2007) wrote: ‘Simulation is no longer that of a territory, a referential being, or a substance. It is the generation by models of a real without origin or reality: a hyperreal. The territory no longer precedes the map, nor does it survive it. It is nevertheless the map that precedes the territory – precession of simulacra – that engenders the territory‘. (1981, pg. 1). …

Facts and Ethics

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Was chatting yesterday about Wittgenstein with a friend of mine who is a Professor of Inter-Disciplinary Applied Ethics at Leeds. Wittgenstein wrote, in the Tractatus, that ‘The world is the totality of facts, not of things‘. He changed his mind about word meaning when he wrote Investigations, from language built on a conceptual/logical system, to the meaning of words defined as we actually …